Town on the Falsterbo peninsula
The town of Falsterbo is located in the southern part of the Falsterbo peninsula. Together with Skanör it forms a twin city. Both places are among the oldest cities in Sweden.
In both places live a about 7,000 people. In the summer months numerous tourists visiting Skanör and Falsterbo to spend their summer vacation at the kilometers of sandy beaches. Falsterbo is also nationally known for taking place of the Falsterbo Horse Show. Every summer the event sets the region for one week in a state of emergency.
The history of Falsterbo
The rich herring deposits on the north side of the peninsula made the two places an important trading center from the 12th to 16th century. At that time every year from late July to the end of October, one of the major trading markets in Northern Europe was located here. It was called the Skånemarknaden (Scania Market).
Skåne belonged to Denmark at that time and the market was the main source of income of the Danish crown. Therefore between the Wendish Hanse cities and the Danish crown it often came to armed conflict for privileges on that venue.
With the decline of the herring stocks in the mid-16th century, the market was shut down and the two cities lost their economic importance. They became small fishing villages with town privileges.