Archipelago of Södermanland
The municipality Nyköpings Kommun is situated on the east coast of Sweden, at the picturesque archipelago of Sörmland in the southeast of the central Swedish province Södermanlands Län. It is the much larger of the two coastal municipalities in the province and its southern flank borders the elongated Bråviken Bay, which forms the natural border to the southern Swedish province of Östergötlands Län.
With an area of almost 2,100 square kilometers, Nyköpings Kommun is by far the largest municipality in Södermanlands Län, outperforming its immediate neighbors Katrineholms Kommun, Flens Kommun and Gnesta Kommun. The central town of the municipality of Nyköping is Nyköping, one of Sweden's oldest cities, which was of great domestic political importance in the Middle Ages and has also been the provincial capital since the 17th century.
The landscape of Nyköpings Kommun
Since the area of Nyköpings Kommun stretches along the rugged coast and the countless islands of the archipelago and deep into the inland, it offers the whole range of nature and landscape typical of Sörmland (short for Södermanland). The landscape is characterized by a constant, rapid change between forests, lakes, rocky hills and fields.
In this area there are almost 160 lakes, most of them a little smaller, but some of them are even bigger, like Båvern, the largest lake in the municipality of Nyköping. Combined with the coast and the archipelago, the bodies of water offer all kinds of possibilities for leisure activities on and around the water, and there are a total of 15 municipal bathing areas and beaches along the coast and at the lakes.
Attractions of the municipality
Almost 50 nature reserves present the different aspects of the varied nature and landscape and lead the visitor to untouched places where the preservation of the original flora and fauna is ensured. The nature reserves vary in size and on the mainland they range from Nynäs Naturaeservat, which covers more than 3,800 hectares, to the small Nävsjöns Naturreservat, which covers only 5 hectares. One of the most popular nature reserves in the region is Stendörrens Naturreservat, which is situated on the coast and where you can walk from the mainland to a number of archipelago islands via small suspension bridges and walkways.
Södermanland, with its numerous castles and country estates, is considered the land of castles. About 30 castles and manor houses in the municipality of Nyköping contribute to this. The vast majority of them are either privately owned or have been converted into hotels, but a few are open to visitors. These include the historic castle Nyköpingshus in the provincial capital and the manor house Nynäs Slott, both of which are public museums, as well as the privately owned Tistad Slott, which can be visited on a guided tour.
Nyköpings Kommun in figures
In the entire municipality of Nyköping there are about 57,000 inhabitants, which results in a population density with an average of about 40 inhabitants per square kilometer, which is not quite twice the national average. At the same time, the city of Nyköping pushes up the population average, because in the immediate urban area alone live more than 32,000 people, more than half of all inhabitants of the municipality. The rest of the inhabitants are spread over a number of smaller towns and villages in the rural and much more sparsely populated rest of the municipality.